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Title: Проблемное обучение как один из инновационных методов обучения физике в высшей школе
Other Titles: Problem Learning as One of the Innovative Methods of Teaching Physics in Higher School
Authors: Салтикова, Алла Іванівна
Saltykova, Alla Ivanivna
Хурсенко, Світлана Миколаївна
Khursenko, Svitlana Mykolaivna
Keywords: обучение
инновационные технологии
проблемное обучение
обучение физике
innovative technologies
problem teaching
physics education
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: Салтыкова, А. Проблемное обучение как один из инновационных методов обучения физике в высшей школе [Текст] / А. Салтыкова, С. Хурсенко // Педагогічні науки: теорія, історія, інноваційні технології : науковий журнал / МОН України, Сумський держ. пед. ун-т ім. А. С. Макаренка ; [редкол.: А. А. Сбруєва, О. Є. Антонова, Дж. Бішоп та ін.]. – Суми : СумДПУ ім. А. С. Макаренка, 2016. – № 6 (60). – С. 60–70.
Abstract: Статья посвящена рассмотрению общих теоретических и частных практических аспектов проблемного обучения как одного из инновационных методов обучения физике в высших учебных заведениях. Освещены структура и виды проблемного обучения, показан ряд особенностей и преимуществ последнего по сравнению с традиционным обучением. Приведены примеры жизненных проблемных ситуаций, решение которых требует знаний по физике. Сделан вывод, что одним из основных направлений повышения качества высшего образования является внедрение инноваций в обучение.
Today Ukraine focuses on the quality of education. The traditional view of education in building knowledge and skills no longer meets the demands of society. Among the priorities of the state policy in terms of integration of national higher education to European and world educational space were defined the problems of continuous improving of the quality of education, modernizing its contents and organization of the educational process; development and implementation of educational innovation. Innovative methods include static perfection of an education system, the introduction of its new triggers that cause a violation of the stability, familiarity, predictability, typical situations and so on. Therefore, innovation is linked to certain risks, unpredictable learning outcomes of atypical situations, which complicates their introduction in the educational process. One of the innovative training problems is that technology is often seen as a developmental education aimed at obtaining active knowledge formation of mental abilities and techniques of research, involving scientific research, development of works. Compared to traditional training objective problem-based learning is wider: learning is not only the results of scientific knowledge, but also the way and the process of obtaining these results, it includes also the formation of students’ learning, the development of their creative abilities (except mastering the system of knowledge and skills). The emphasis is made on the development of thinking. The content of physics that includes scientific facts, concepts, laws, theories is set out in the order that promotes problem-based learning, i.e. physics course has educational problems which can be arranged as problem tasks and problem questions. Students are proposed the problem situations related to life, the solution of which requires knowledge of physics. Students can nominate their assumptions and ways of solving this problem. Technology problem-based learning requires a significant investment of time and effort on the part of the teacher and of the students. However, the use of problem-based learning can achieve a better understanding of the material, its conscious learning, provides scientific evidence knowledge, teaches students to think dialectically, and promotes the development of personal qualities.
Appears in Collections:Педагогічні науки: теорія, історія, інноваційні технології

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