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Title: Методика корекції маси тіла учнів у процесі формального та неформального навчання фізичної культури
Other Titles: Methodology of Students' Body Weight Correction in the Process of Formal and Informal Training of Physical Culture
Authors: Козерук, Кирило
Kozeruk, Kyrylo
Козерук, Юлія
Kozeruk, Yuliia
Яременко, Володимир
Yaremenko, Volodymyr
Харченко, Сергій Миколайович
Kharchenko, Serhii Mykolaiovych
Keywords: учні
надмірна маса тіла
фізична культура
фізичні вправи
excess body weight
physical culture
physical exercises
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: СумДПУ імені А. С. Макаренка
Citation: Методика корекції маси тіла учнів у процесі формального та неформального навчання фізичної культури [Текст] / К. Козерук, Ю. Козерук, В. Яременко, С. Харченко // Педагогічні науки: теорія, історія, інноваційні технології : науковий журнал / Міністерство освіти і науки України, Сумський державний педагогічний університет імені А. С. Макаренка ; [редкол.: А. А. Сбруєва, М. А. Бойченко, О. Є. Антонова та ін.]. – Суми : СумДПУ імені А. С. Макаренка, 2018. – № 9 (83). – С. 80–90.
Abstract: Актуалізується питання надмірної маси тіла учнів у закладах середньої освіти. Окреслено особливості методики корекції маси тіла учнів засобом комплексного впливу в процесі формального та неформального навчання фізичної культури. Розподілено учнів, які потребують корекції маси тіла, відповідно до інструктивних положень. Виокремлено етапи оздоровчих методик для учнів з надмір¬ною масою тіла в процесі формального та неформального навчання фізичної культури. Перспективи подальших досліджень полягають у впровадженні досліджених методик у практику роботи вчителів фізичної культури та проведення тестувань щодо результатів їх ефективності.
The issue of overweight of students in secondary education institutions is relevant. Since in Ukraine, annually, 18-20 thousand new cases of obesity among children and adolescents are recorded that lead to significant violations of physical and mental health and lower quality of life. An analysis of the current state of study in secondary education institutions revealed a number of contradictions: in the absence of proper motor training, students with excess body weight cannot perform a physical education program, and parents are forced to seek help not only to doctors, but also to teachers, and in particular, teachers of physical education; the way of school life and physical education in schools, implemented through a standard program, does not contribute to the effective resolution of the problem of weight control and body weight correction in students; all authors dealing with this problem are united by the idea of an integrated approach to addressing the problem of overweight, but the existing correction programs are mainly aimed at the adult population and do not have sufficient justification as to the intensity, duration and frequency of physical activity for students in secondary education. All of the above-mentioned problems and the ways of their solution, as outlined in the scientific and methodological literature, are important to take into account in the development of training programs in the training of specialists in the field of physical culture and sports. It is stated that peer students can differ significantly from each other, as indicators of physical condition (height, weight, circumference of the chest), and the level of development of motor qualities. The analysis of literary sources testifies that: the average daily volume of motor activity of the majority of students is almost 35-45 % lower than the hygienic norm, which causes a number of negative states in their health; the total motor activity of students with overweight, compared with others, is reduced by more than 30 %; according to body mass indexes about 50,6 % of students significantly exceed the norm. The features of the technique of correction of student body weight by the means of complex influence in the process of formal and informal training of physical culture are outlined. the basis of which are the following components: morning hygienic gymnastics, additional classes in the group with the use of various exercises, adherence to rules of rational nutrition; raising awareness of the negative effects of overweight; psychophysical training (self-regulation training); conviction of parents and children about adequate level of physical activity, rational nutrition and conscious attitude to the problem of excess body weight. The students who need body mass correction were distributed according to the guidelines. The stages of improving methods for students with excess body weight in the process of formal and informal physical training are singled out. Prospects for further research are the implementation of the investigated techniques in the practice of physical education teachers and testing on the results of their effectiveness.
Appears in Collections:Педагогічні науки: теорія, історія, інноваційні технології

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