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Title: Рушійна сила характеру в розвитку надзвичайних людських здібностей
Other Titles: The Driving Force оf Character іn the Development оf Exceptional Human Abilities
Authors: Лавриченко, Наталія
Lavrychenko, Nataliia
Keywords: надзвичайні здібності
обдарована особистість
особливості характеру
емоційної сфери
exceptional abilities
gifted person
character features
emotional sphere
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: СумДПУ імені А. С. Макаренка
Citation: Лавриченко, Н. Рушійна сила характеру в розвитку надзвичайних людських здібностей [Текст] / Н. Лавриченко // Педагогічні науки: теорія, історія, інноваційні технології : науковий журнал / Міністерство освіти і науки України, Сумський державний педагогічний університет імені А. С. Макаренка ; редкол.: А. А. Сбруєва, М. А. Бойченко, О. Є. Антонова [та ін.]. – Суми : Вид-во СумДПУ імені А. С. Макаренка, 2017. – № 3 (67). – С. 221–231.
Abstract: У статті проаналізовано праці відомих західних учених у галузі обдарованості, зокрема ті, що належать до так званого некогнітивного кластеру досліджень. Ідеться про дослідження персональних якостей і характеристик як передумов, рушіїв і каталізаторів розвитку природних здібностей і задатків. Наукові результати в цій царині розглянуті з психологічних і педагогічних позицій, в аспекті можливостей цілеспрямовано формувати конструктивні риси характеру неординарних, обдарованих дітей.
This article provides the analysis of the publications of famous western scientists in the field of giftedness, including those belonging to the so-called extracognitive research cluster. It deals with the study of personal qualities and characteristics as prerequisites, drivers and catalysts of natural inclinations and abilities development. Scientific results in this field are regarded from the psychological and pedagogical points of view, especially in the aspect of opportunities to shape viable traits fo r the extraordinary, gifted children. As a result of this analytical research the inherent traits of gifted and talented individuals were identified along with their emotional sphere, attitudes and intentions. The role of motivation and will as key drivers of talent was emphasized. The psychological and educational problems and value orientations in nurture of moral qualities to talented youth were exposed. The expediency to base on cognitive and emotional sensitivity of gifted children during their moral education and forming patterns of prosocial behavior was grounded. The moral talent is determined as the trinity of moral leadership, creativity and responsibility. The analysis of research works on the problems of personalization of giftedness, that is manifestation of human individuality in the process of creative activity, gives grounds for generalizations in relation to, firstly, personality traits (temperament) of gifted individuals, and second, features of their emotional sphere. Individuals with extraordinary abilities differ from other people by such distinct qualities as resilience, perseverance, endurance, diligence, selfconfidence, the ability to bring the case to its logical conclusion, the ability to achieve the goal, hard work, determination, independence in judgment and action, non-conformism, providing benefits to independent work, positive self-appraisal, high level of self-esteem, internal locus of control, motivation, ambition, drive for success, high level of self-criticism, commitment to excellence, tenacity, perseverance in overcoming difficulties, high level of self-regulation. It was concluded that childhood and adolescence are marked with the significant dynamics and plasticity of character developing that enables targeted educational influence on this process. Success of the teachers and educators in work with the gifted and talented children will be even more predictable and possible, if they better understand the complex inner world and features of a gifted person behavior.
Appears in Collections:Педагогічні науки: теорія, історія, інноваційні технології

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