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Title: Mobility in Higher Education: Retrospective Analysis
Other Titles: Мобільність у вищій освіті: ретроспективний аналіз
Authors: Рисіна, Марія Юхимівна
Rysina, Mariia Yukhymivna
Козлов, Дмитро Олександрович
Kozlov, Dmytro Oleksandrovych
Keywords: інтернаціоналізація вищої освіти
мобільність викладацького складу
студентська мобільність
програми освітнього обміну
програми академічного обміну
національна політика
internationalisation of higher education
staff mobility
students' mobility
programmes of education exchanges
programmes of academic changes
national policy
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: СумДПУ імені А. С. Макаренка
Citation: Rysina, M. Mobility in Higher Education: Retrospective Analysis [Текст] / M. Rysina, D. Kozlov // Педагогічні науки: теорія, історія, інноваційні технології : науковий журнал / Міністерство освіти і науки України, Сумський державний педагогічний університет імені А. С. Макаренка ; редкол.: А. А. Сбруєва, О. Є. Антонова, Дж. Бішоп [та ін.]. – Суми : Вид-во СумДПУ імені А. С. Макаренка, 2016. – № 8 (62). – С. 213–224.
Abstract: У статті здійснено ретроспективний аналіз наукових підходів щодо мобільності у вищій освіті, визначено пріоритетні завдання інтернаціоналізації вищої освіти, її зв'язок із програмами мобільності; проаналізовано рівні, форми та результати мобільності в різних країнах. Охарактеризовано діяльність міжнародних освітніх програм обміну.
The article is devoted to the defining and characterizing of scientific approaches concerning mobility in higher education. Priority tasks of internalionalisation of higher education and its influence on the mobility processes are defined. Research Methods. General scientific methods: analysis, synthesis, comparison in order to establish and define the levels and forms of mobility. Aim of study. The aim of the article is to provide the comprehensive analysis of basic scientific approaches concerning mobility in higher education, to define its levels, forms and results. The scientific works of the Ukrainian and foreign researchers on the analysis of features of educational space have played a great role in the study of analyzed phenomenon. The essential characteristics of the internationalisation of higher education are given in the works of A. Sbruieva [6; 7; 8], Zh. Chernyakova [9], M. Klyap [2]. O. Kozievska [3], A. Rzheska [5]. Problems of the students' mobility are defined in the researches of R. Ruffino [14], M. Byram [12], F. Dervin [12]. The approaches to the national policies and to staff mobility in different countries are defined in the work of C. Rarke [10]. Yu. Nikolayeva and M. Bogolyubova researched the activity of the programmes of academic and educational inter-changes [4]. The 90-th of the XX-th century became a period of radical changes in the field of education in European countries as well as in Ukraine. Internationalisation of a higher education is a relatively new phenomenon but one that has evolved to broad range. Universities always had international dimension. Since 1990-s there appeared publications, concerning internationalization of higher education. Thus in terms of mobility of academic staff special attention has been given to students' and staff's motivations to going abroad. In November 1971 the Conference of Ministers of Education unanimously supported the need to encourage the mobility of teachers, students and research staff within the Community [11]. The development of mobility programmes takes its beginning with the Socrates Programme. It is mentioned that the aims of the currant Socrates programme are as follows: to strengthen the European dimension of education at all levels; to improve know ledge of European languages; to promote cooperation and mobility in the field of education; to encourage the use of new technologies in education; to promote equal opportunities in all sectors of education [12]. The deep research of mobility programmes has made Cornelia Racke. She has distinguished between national, bilateral and regional (governmental) programmes to foster staff mobility in higher education and characterized their specificity. In the article the student exchange programmes are also analyzed. Thus Fulbright programme, which offers support researchers from and to the USA, Chevening programme (British Chevening Awards) which gives an opportunity to receive a high quality education at the University of Great Britain which is chosen by the applicant, promote to the wide development of students' and staff mobility in the European countries, including Ukraine, and in the world.
Appears in Collections:Педагогічні науки: теорія, історія, інноваційні технології

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