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Title: Особливості організації навчально-виховного процесу в кадетських корпусах Російської Імперії в ХІХ – на початку ХХ століття
Other Titles: Features of the Organization of the Educational Process in the Cadet Corps Empire in the XIX – Early XX Century
Authors: Кормілець, С. В.
Kormilets, S. V.
Keywords: кадетські корпуси
військово-навчальні заклади
навчальні програми
навчальні плани
cadet corps
military education
training programs
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Кормілець, С. В. Особливості організації навчально-виховного процесу в кадетських корпусах Російської Імперії в ХІХ - на початку ХХ століття [Текст] / С. В. Кормілець // Педагогічні науки: теорія, історія, інноваційні технології : науковий журнал / МОН України, Сумський держ. пед. ун-т ім. А. С. Макаренка ; [редкол.: А. А. Сбруєва, О. Є. Антонова, Дж. Бішоп та ін.]. – Суми : СумДПУ ім. А. С. Макаренка, 2014. – № 6 (40). – С. 70–80.
Abstract: Стаття присвячена дослідженню питань пов’язаних з організацією навчально-виховного процесу в кадетських корпусах Російської Імперії на територіях українських губерній у ХІХ – на початку ХХ сторіччя. Показано основні етапи становлення й розвитку системи навчання й виховання кадетів, наведено навчальні предмети та вимоги, які висувалися до їх викладання. Приведено приклади навчальних програм і модифікації, які відбувалися в них з плином часу та зміною керівництва держави й Головного управління військово-навчальними закладами.
This article investigates issues related to the organization of the educational process in the cadet corps of the Russian Empire in the Ukrainian provinces in the nineteenth – early twentieth century. The basic stages of formation and development of training and education of cadets are training items and requirements put forward their teaching. The process of training and education of cadets underwent changes at each stage of the historical development of the cadet corps. Thus, at the initial stage of formation and development of cadet education for a long time there was no single system of rules and requirements for training in the cadet corps, each corps installed and used its norms of the educational process. Thus, pursuing the same goal – creating many professional officers and reserved once, cadet corps achieved this goal in different ways, often disagreeing with each other. The curriculum for cadet corps was first established on the grounds of experience of the cadet corps of Denmark and Prussia, and along with special military items included natural sciences and humanities. Since Peter’s Table of Ranks in tsarist Russia was no hardline between military and civilian agencies, the transition from military service to civilian service or even increasing rank was not anything special. Accordingly, the system of education and training in the cadet corps was created on the basis of these features, and the number of subjects taught in them was great. Examples of training programs are given and modifications that took place in them over the years and changes in the state leadership and the Department of military schools are revealed. In conclusion it is noted that scientific progress has left its imprint on the activities of the cadet corps, in accordance with the requirements of the time curricula, education programs were created, changed and improved, higher requirements for skills, combat skills and physical training of the younger generation were put forward. The experience of cadet corps proved that the goal set by their creation was achieved and initial military training and education gave not only officers, but also experienced public servants who with honor and dignity fulfilled their duty of unquestioning service to the Motherland.
Appears in Collections:Педагогічні науки: теорія, історія, інноваційні технології

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