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Title: Теоретичні аспекти проблеми здоровʼязбереження дітей у системі дошкільної освіти
Other Titles: Theoretical Aspects of Health Preservation in Pre-School Education
Authors: Бутенко, Віта Григорівна
Butenko, Vita Hryhorivna
Keywords: здоров’я
health preservation
діти дошкільного віку
preschool children
дошкільна освіта
preschool education
принципи здоров’язбережувальної освіти
principles of healthy education
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Бутенко, В. Г. Теоретичні аспекти проблеми здоровʼязбереження дітей у системі дошкільної освіти [Текст] / В. Г. Бутенко // Педагогічні науки: теорія, історія, інноваційні технології : науковий журнал / МОН України, Сумський держ. пед. ун-т ім. А. С. Макаренка ; [редкол.: А. А. Сбруєва, О. Є. Антонова, Дж. Бішоп та ін.]. – Суми : СумДПУ ім. А. С. Макаренка, 2014. – № 9 (43). – С. 65–72.
Abstract: У статті розкрито актуальність проблеми стану здоров’я дітей дошкільного віку; охарактеризовано сутність феномену «здоров’язбереження» та обґрунтовано необхідність виховання потреби збереження здоров’я у дошкільників; визначено принципи здоров’язбереження. Засвідчено, що здоров’язбереження дітей в педагогічному аспекті варто розглядати, як цінність, систему, процес і результат.
The article tells about the actuality of the subject of preschoolers’ health status. The necessity to organize the health maintaining process for preschool children is caused by understanding the fact that children may be taught easy in the early age and we should develop in them some habits of health promoting which will become a component of our culture and will influence on the society positively. The essence of the health preservation process is explained in the article as well. The health maintaining process in pedagogical aspect is considered to be a value, a system and a result. Considering that health preservation is a value in preschool education, it can be treated like a state, social and a personal value. Health maintaining as a system characterizes the health aspect of functioning of preschool educational institutions the effectiveness of which depends on the aim and the content of the activity, on the tools which are used in the process of health preservation and the principles which should be basic for this kind of pedagogical system. (The principles of science, accessibility, visibility, consistency and consistency, age, taking into account individual characteristics, activity, humanization, democratization, integration, and unity of the kindergarten and the child's family). Health maintaining as a process in pre-school education involves the development, education and training which is not harmful to children's health and which creates a safe and comfortable staying in kindergarten, provides individual educational trajectory of a child, to prevent stress or some kind overload or fatigue. The result of health preservation activities in preschools is a base of child's literacy, culture and competence. We believe that Ukrainian problems of health in kindergartens are particularly relevant, this is connected with the presence of negative medical and demographic situation in Ukraine and the unfavorable trend of indicators of children's health. Therefore, there is a necessity in the formation of new ideas based on the preservation of health and the child's consciousness, which requires the teachers of preschool education level to use careful selection methods, special tools, content and organizational forms.
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