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Title: Влияние одинаковой направленности тренировочного процесса на функциональное состояние тхэквондистов и боксеров
Other Titles: The Impact оf the Same Orientation оf the Training Process оn the Functional State оf the Taekwondo Wrestlers аnd the Boxers
Authors: Михалюк, Євген Леонiдович
Mykhaliuk, Yevhen Leonidovych
Keywords: тхеквондо
варіабельність серцевого ритму
центральна гемодинаміка
фізична працездатність
heart rate variability
central hemodynamics
physical performance
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: Михалюк, Е. Влияние одинаковой направленности тренировочного процесса на функциональное состояние тхэквондистов и боксеров [Текст] / Е. Михалюк // Педагогічні науки: теорія, історія, інноваційні технології : науковий журнал / МОН України, Сумський держ. пед. ун-т ім. А. С. Макаренка ; [редкол.: А. А. Сбруєва, О. Є. Антонова, Дж. Бішоп та ін.]. – Суми : СумДПУ ім. А. С. Макаренка, 2016. – № 3 (57). – С. 212–222.
Abstract: У статті представлено результати порівняння показників варіабельності серцевого ритму, центральної гемодинаміки й фізичної працездатності висококваліфікованих тхеквондистів і боксерів, тренувальна діяльність яких практично не відрізняється. Показано, що багаторічний тренувальний процес однакової спрямованості надає однаковий вплив на інтегральні показники серцево-судинної, автономної нервової системи й фізичної працездатності тхеквондистів і боксерів високого класу.
The aim of this study is to identify and to compare the integral indicators of cardiovascular, an autonomic nervous system and a physical performance between the taekwondo wrestlers and the boxers of high-class qualification. Materials and methods. The study involved 223 high-class sportsmen, training and competitive activity which is accompanied by beats to the head and practically does not differ. There are 96 taekwondo wrestlers among them (14 Masters of sports of international class (MSIC), 25 Masters of Sport (MS), 57 candidates of master of sports and athletes of the 1 level qualification (CMS-1 level) and 127 boxers (11 - MSIC, 26 – MS, 90 - CMS-1 level). The temporal and frequency parameters of heart rate variability (HRV) were studied. The central hemodynamics was studied by an automated tetrapolar rheography by W. Kubiček which is modified by Yu.T. Pushkar. The physical performance was determined by the conventional method, using a cycle ergometer, submaximal test PWC170. The index of the functional state (IFS) was calculated, using the formula, proposed and patented by the author. Conclusions. 1. The comparison parameters of HRV, central hemodynamics and PWC170/ kg showed that the taekwondo wrestlers of MSIC qualification in comparison with the similar qualifications of the boxers had the domination of parasympathetic autonomic nervous system (ANS), a significantly lower heart rate, while in both groups hypokinetic type of circulation (TC) dominated and no athletes with hyperkinetic TC; among PWC170/ kg and IFS there were no significant differences. 2. The comparison of the studied parameters among the sportsmen of MS qualifications showed the predominance of sympathetic influences of ANS of the taekwondo wrestlers, presence in both groups of sportsmen with hypokinetic TC and lack sportsmen with hyperkinetic TK, as well as the absence of significant differences among the PWC170/ kg and IFS compared to the boxers. 3. The taekwondo wrestlers and boxers of the CMS-1 level qualifications had the predominanceof a parasympathetic link of ANS, eukinetic TC, among the taekwondo wrestlers there are by 4 times more sportsmen with hyperkinetic TC and lack of significant differences among the PWC170/ kg and IFS. 4. The correlation analysis between the studied indicators showed the relationship according to which the taekwondo wrestlers of MSIC qualification increase PWC170/ kg and IFS accompanied by decrease of CI to economical hypokinetic TC. In qualifications of MS, CMS-1 level the taekwondo wrestlers and the boxers of qualifications of CMS-1 level had the decrease of influences of parasympathetic ANS accompanied with decrease of CI CI to economical hypokinetic TC. Perspectives future research is to study the influence of the same training loadings in a year cycle of training process on HRV, central hemodynamics and physical performance among the repsentatives of other sports.
Appears in Collections:Педагогічні науки: теорія, історія, інноваційні технології

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